We call someone fat or thin just by looking at them without thinking. But actually, that is not the case at all. Body Mass Index or BMI is used to determine whether someone is fat or thin. A person’s weight is measured in kilograms and height is measured in meters. Now the weight is divided by the square of the height. This quotient is called BMI. A BMI between 18 and 24 is normal. Between 25 and 30 is healthy or slightly obese, and between 30 and 35 are overweight. And above 35 can be called extremely and morbidly obese.
There are also some size issues regarding the pot. A normal adult male waist size is 94 cm or 37 inches if he is short. And for tall men, the waist size is normal up to 102 cm or 40.2 inches.
For women, waist size up to 80 mm or 31.5 inches can be considered normal. However, women should be very careful if their waist size is more than 88 cm or 34.6 inches. So you can’t immediately say you are fat or chubby without measuring BMI or waist size.
Accumulation of excess fat in the body makes people fat or chubby. Fat cells accumulate in the body when they increase in size. Fat cells are more in the abdomen, hips, and waist. Body fat accumulates due to overeating, and fat can also accumulate in the body due to the fact that the amount of food that is being eaten or the number of calories that the body is getting is not being lost or expended. After hearing or knowing these, many people may say that they are overweight despite eating the right amount of food. Their complaints are correct. People can also be fat because of genetics. A type of gene called the ‘Ob gene is present in fat cells. They produce a hormone called leptin. Leptin informs the hypothalamus of our brain about the amount of fat stored in the body. A type called neuropeptide Y in the hypothalamus.
Stimulants regulate our appetite by stimulating the appetite control center of the brain. If the hormone leptin is low due to a genetic defect, hunger increases. As a result of this, body fat increases. And those who have more brown adipose tissue in their body are not fat. In addition, thyroid hormone is associated with fat loss or gain, if thyroid hormone is increased, the patient will eat a lot but not gain weight. Again, when the thyroid hormone decreases, weight increases.
Alcoholism, oversleeping, stress, steroids, and other types of drugs can also cause weight gain. Many problems with excess weight or obesity. Any type of heart disease is more likely to be due to excess weight. In addition, the accumulation of fat in the blood vessels causes various problems. Excess weight also causes blood pressure.
Diabetes type 2 can occur due to obesity.
Obese people are five percent more likely to develop cancer of the uterus, prostate, and colon.
Difficulty walking with weight gain. The knee joints, cartilage, and ligaments deteriorate. The chances of developing arthritis, gout, and gout are also increased.
Excess fat increases the risk of gallstones.
Being overweight and obese can reduce physical fitness. Men may experience low sperm count and women may experience irregular periods.
Being overweight and obese actually has many health problems. Again, it looks quite impressive. No outfit looks good. Looking older than age, sometimes people even make nasty comments. The best way to lose excess weight and obesity is through proper diet and exercise. But both have to be done regularly with great difficulty. Don’t have the attitude that I will do it tomorrow, not today.
Regular walking is the best exercise. It is very good if you can walk for an hour every day. Cycling and swimming are also good exercises. Some asanas can be used to reduce constipation. Among them Trikon Asana, Ekapad Utthan Asana, Pawan Muktasana. Paschimonthanasana is very effective.
Fatty food, butter, oil, beef, and beef should be avoided. It is best if one wants to lose weight, to consult a diabetes doctor. Because it also happens that you get sick while losing weight.
Nowadays, with the help of surgery, obesity or fat is being reduced. Liposuction or abdominoplasty is nowadays used to reduce fat.
Where obesity is such a problem, it is necessary to be careful in advance. Be alert and take urgent action at the onset of fat accumulation.
It is best to weigh yourself at least once a week. Again, sudden weight gain is a sign of illness, if so, definitely contact the doctor. Moderate diet and regular exercise can protect us from obesity. Another thing, remember that fat is not a sign of good health and is the cause of many diseases.